Amnesty International released a report earlier today detailing an update on the transfer of arms and ammunition to Darfur. The report named China and Russia as the major players of the Sudan arms trade worth more than $30 million from each country. Other countries with involvement of much smaller scale include Belarus, Iran, Kuwait, Egypt, the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Libya, Chad and Eritrea.

Aside from the arms deals, the AI report echoed the discovery by the UN Panel of Experts for the sightings of white aircraft in Sudan that could be confused with UN airplanes designated for humanitarian aid. The PDF version of the report provides photo evidence of the aircraft.

China’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs was quick to defend itself against the AI report. Spokeswoman, Jiang Yu explained that the amount of arms exported to Africa was limited (see transcript of the Foreign Ministry press conference in Simplified / Traditional Chinese, or English). But quoting from the AI report:

Sudan imported $24 million worth of arms and ammunition from the People’s Republic of China, as well as nearly $57 million worth of parts and aircraft equipment and $2 million worth of parts of helicopters and aeroplanes from China, according to the data from Sudan for 2005, the last available trade figures.

A combined value of $80+ million is not a “limited” amount of export in arms, ammunition, equipment and parts. I doubt there are many countries that can match the ownership of such an amount of arms, let alone exporting them. Meanwhile, China tried to appear to be cooperative with the UN by agreeing to send a military engineering unit to support the African Union peacekeeping force.

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